The coal shortage has forced the shutdown of 10,300 megawatts (MW) of generating units in areas including Guizhou Province (4,200 MW), Yunnan Province (2,300 MW) and the Guangxi Autonomous Region (2,300 MW). The shutdowns are the largest the grid has experienced since it was established, Xiao said. There are several reasons for the forced shutdown:
The shutdown of small coal mines Insufficient transportation capacity The inability of small coal mines to supply large power plants
However, several insiders have said that the main reason for the shutdowns is the major rise in the price of coal.
The price has been rising quickly in China since 2007, and the contract price for power-coal supply rose an additional 10% in 2008. The price of coal in Guizhou rose $11-$14 per metric ton, according to data provided by Xiao Peng.
Although various measures for energy conservation and emissions reduction have been taken and many new large units have been put into operation in the electric power sector, grid technology has been limited, and the potential for reductions in coal consumption by power producers is also limited. The suspension of price linkage between coal and power has reduced the possibility of changes to the price of coal from power producers. In addition, oil-fired units had to stop operating because of the "high fever" in oil price.
China has maintained control of prices over utilities such as power. In order to compensate for costs for power producers, China had implemented a mechanism to link coal and power, especially when the price rise in coal surpassed 5%. However, the Chinese government recently announced that no price hikes are allowed for utilities because of the current risk of inflation.
Because of the continual rise in the price of coal, it is understandable for some power producers to stop operating. However, the contradiction between deregulated coal price and regulated electricity price will be always a risk in the country's power supply.