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Power Substation Training

Power Substation Training

You Can Access The Live Online Training Through Our Web-Based Platform From Your Own Computer. You Can See And Hear The Instructor And See His Screen Live.

You Can Interact And Ask Questions. The Cost Of The Training Also Includes 7 Days Of Email Mentoring With The Instructor.

This 12-Hour Live Online Power Substation Training course give an overview of substations, primary breaking device, transformer, secondary switching devices, switchgear lineup, instrument transformers, relays, meters & instruments, lightning arresters, transducers, cables & bus ducts, control & communications wires/cables, SCADA, capacitors and static VARs, and how they all interact. The course will also cover the application, design & testing and maintenance of low, medium and high voltage circuit breakers as well as disconnect switches. It will also cover also protective relays, how they operate vs. how they protect. The course will cover the communication networks, topology and communication media. Utility oriented as well as industrial oriented communication protocols will be given.

Electrical Substation maintenance is a key component of any substation owner's electrical maintenance program. It has been well documented that failures in key procedures such as racking mechanisms, meters, relays and busses are among the most common source of unplanned outages. Electrical transmission, distribution and switching substations generally have switching, protection and control equipment and one or more transformers.Our electrical substation maintenance course focuses on maintenance and testing of switchgear, circuit breakers, batteries and protective relays.

This Power Substation Training course will cover the maintenance and testing requirements for common substation devices, including power transformers, oil, air and vacuum circuit breakers, switchgear, ground grid systems, batteries, chargers and insulating liquids. This course focuses on what to do, when to do it and how to interpret the results from testing and maintenance.



  • The typical structures of a substation,
  • The most important components of a substation
  • Typical substation protection parameters
  • Substation grounding system requirements.
  • Substation safety and safety operation
  • Best substation maintenance practices




WHO should attend

  • Utility and Industrial Electrical Engineers and Engineering Technicians
  • Transmission planning engineers
  • Distribution planning engineers
  • Substation Design Engineers
  • Consulting Electrical Engineers
  • Substation network management engineers
  • Substation maintenance and construction engineers & technologists


Students receive

  • FREE 100-Page Digital Electrical Testing and Maintenance Handbook (Value $20)
  • $100 Coupon Toward any Future Electricity Forum Event (Restrictions Apply)
  • 1.2 Continuing Education Unit (CEU) Credits (12 Professional Development Hours)
  • FREE Magazine Subscription (Value $25.00)
  • Course Materials in Paper Format




Power Substation Training Course Outline



1. Introduction to Substations

  • Substations Practical Examples (Updated Pictures to reflect Several styles)
  • General Overview Of The Substation Characteristics (Transmission, Distribution, Industrial)
  • Substation Typical Documentation
  • Common Voltages throughout Canada and US  High/Medium/Low class


2. Ultra High Voltage; High Voltage; Medium Voltage and Low Voltage substation definition

  • American Standards And Definitions For Substation
  • Canadian Utility Standards And Voltage Levels For Utility
  • Substation Design Requirements And International Standards


3. Functions and Topologies of Substations

  • Transfer Substation
  • Step Up Substation
  • Step Down Substations
  • Breaker And A Half; Single Buss; Double Buss; Ring Buss And Other Topologies, Advantage And Disadvantages
  • Typical Substation Schematics (single lines, Control wiring, protective devices and wiring)
  • Layout of typical industrial/Commercial Substation with onsite Generation


4. Power Circuit Breakers; Power Switches; Power Fuses

  • Indoor/outdoor style Substations
  • New Arc proof Switchgear and advantages
  • Switchyards And Overhead Lines
  • SF6 Switchgear-GIS (Gas Insulated Switchgears)
  • SF6 Circuit Breakers For High And Medium Voltage, Insulated And Life Tank
  • Air Insulated Switchgear Limitations
  • Replacement And Maintenance Of Oil Circuit Breakers
  • Vacuum Circuit Breakers
  • Vacuum Breakers In SF6 Enclosed Switchgear
  • Resin-Encapsulated Switchgear - Advantage And Limitations
  • How To Select The Best Switchgear For The Application
  • Surge Arrestors Point Of Installation
  • Feeders And Re-Closures
  • Use of Ground carts and features
  • Load And No Load Power Switches
  • Different types of fusing and Characteristics
  • Meggering; Hi-Pot And PI Measurements And Interpretation Based On NETA Standard


5. Power Transformers Equipment and Maintenance

  • Transformer Spill containment systems
  • Power Transformer Construction
  • Oil Power Transformers and cooling methods
  • Bushing System and Bushing Tap monitoring
  • Buchholtz Relay 63
  • Overpressure Protection Systems
  • Gages And Measurement On An Oil-Cooled Transformer
  • RTD Devices for Monitoring real time Temperature
  • Tap Changing System
  • DGA-Dissolved Gas Analysing System
  • Sampleing The Oil And Results Interpretation
  • Online Monitoring System (Qualitrol/SEL)
  • SFRA of Power Transformers
  • Doble Test Equipment
  • Winding Resistance Testing
  • Ratio Testing of Transformer


6. Substaion Battery systems

  • Substation Batteries and Charging systems
  • Typical Voltages and setups
  • Examples of different manufacturer and monitoring
  • Examples of alarms and settings within charger software
  • Maintanence of Batteries


7. Substation Grounding Requirements

  • Soil Resistivity Measurements
  • Grounding Model And Evaluations
  • Sizing The Grounding System
  • Safety Equipment Grounding In Substations
  • Grounding System Interconnections
  • Grounding System Maintenance Requirements
  • Potential Drop Test And Interpretation
  • Testing Equipment For Grounding Systems, Ground Potential Rise; Step And Touch Potential
  • IEEE 80 Requirements For Substation Grounding





8. Smart Grids

  • Understanding the equipment and how it will impact the changing Electrical Grid
  • Use of Auto sensing equipment
  • Impacts to electrical distribution equipment
  • Stray currents
  • Maintenance of Ground grids and bonding of non-electrical equipment


9. Typical Protection Relays used in Substation

  • Selecting The Proper Protection Relays 
  • Selecting The CT And PT
  • Performing Protection Coordination
  • Generating Preliminary Settings
  • Use of Remote Tripping and Checks of System
  • Selecting The Final Circuit Breakers And Protection, Using The Model And Electrical Calculation Software
  • Generating Protection Setting Sheets
  • Performing ARC FLASH Study And Generating Equipment Labels
  • NFPA 70E And IEEE 1584; CSA 462
  • Typical Protection For Substations Transformers And Feeders
  • Listing of Various Manufacturer of Relaying
  • Transformer monitoring Relays and newer monitoring features
  • Example Of A Relay Protection Settings For GE 750, Using EnerVista, 
  • Arc flash sensors and uses
  • Partial discharge monitoring
  • Current injection Testing and Equipment


10. Substation Power Factor Correction

  • Capacitor System For Substation Power Factor Correction
  • Static System For Power Factor Correction
  • Condenser Systems
  • Maintenance Of Power Factor Correction Systems
  • DC Subsystems


11. Remote SCADA Systems and Remote Substation Control

  • Network Communications For Power Systems
  • SCADA System Requirement
  • Cellular Modems
  • Radio controlled devices and Repeater towers
  • Installing SCADA Systems On Existing Substations
  • Monitoring And Control
  • Procedures For Handling SCADA In Power Systems
  • Example Of SCADA Systems
  • Prioritization of alarm points in SCADA


12. Other Requirements to be considered

  • Substation Installation
  • Safe Operation Of The Substation
  • Safe Work Area; PPE; In Hand Procedures
  • Maintenance Of The Substation grounds/landscapes
  • Testing And Commissioning Of A Substation
  • Meggering; High Pot And Very Low Frequency Test
  • Bus Bars Testing Using Micro Ohmmeter/insulation tester
  • Power Transformer Testing
  • DGA Testing, Alternative Methods
  • Test Results And Approvals
  • NETA Standard, And Qualifications Of Personnel


13. Pad mounted and Over Head Remote controlled switches

  • Installation and uses to assist with substation feeds
  • Commissioning of switches
  • Examples of various manufacturers


4:00PM - Wrap up and Q&A



Both days:
Start: 8:00 a.m.
Coffee Break: 10:00 a.m.
Lunch: 12:00 noon
Restart: 1:15 p.m.
Finish: 4:30 p.m.


Live Online Course Registration Fees & CEU Credits

The registration fee to attend this live online training course is $599 + GST/HST.

Click Here to download a $100 discount coupon that you can apply toward the regular registration fee and pay only $499 + GST/HST

Register 3 delegates at full price $599, and get a 4th registration FREE!

Earn Continuing Education Unit (CEU) Credits

Successful completion of this course qualifies delegates to receive a certificate of course completion with indicated CEUs.


CEUs are granted by the Engineering Institute of Canada. One CEU is equivalent to 10 professional development hours of instruction.

This course earns 1.2 CEUs.

Live on-line or in-person. Customized.

Live online group training

We can present this Power Substation Training to your electrical engineering and maintenance staff, tailored to your specific equipment and requirements. We are ready to help design this program for you. Click on the link below to request a FREE quotation.


Steve Larson, P.Eng
The Electricity Forum