The action represents the completion of phase one of NERCs cyber security standards revision work plan which was launched in July 2008. Work continues on phase two of the revision plan, with version three standards already under development.
The revised standards were recently passed by the electric industry with an 88% approval rating, evidence of the industrys strong support for NERCs standards development process and the more stringent standards.
The standards are comprised of approximately 40 good housekeeping requirements designed to lay a solid foundation of sound security practices that, if properly implemented, will develop the capabilities needed to secure critical infrastructure from cyber security threats. Roughly half of those requirements were modified to clarify or strengthen the standards in this initial, expedited revisions phase.
The revisions begin to address concerns raised by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission in its Order No. 706, in which it conditionally approved the standards currently in effect. The revisions notably include the removal of the term reasonable business judgment from the standards.
Entities found in violation of the standards can be fined up to $1 million per day, per violation in the U.S., with other enforcement provisions in place throughout much of Canada. Audits for compliance with 13 requirements in the cyber security standards currently in effect will begin on July 1.
The approval of these revisions is evidence that NERCs industry-driven standards development process is producing results, with the aim of developing a strong foundation for the cyber security of the electric grid, commented Michael Assante, Vice President and Chief Security Officer at NERC. We applaud the work of the standards drafting team leading this effort and look forward to presenting phase two of the revisions to the board for approval early in 2010.
Its important to note, however, that these standards are not designed to address specific, imminent cyber security threats, he continued. We firmly believe carefully crafted emergency authority is needed at the government level to address this gap.