This Grounding and Bonding.Training course is founded on the NEC/CEC and is designed to give you the correct information you need to design, install and maintain effective electrical grounding systems in industrial, commercial and institutional power systems.
One of the most important AND least understood sections of the NEC/CEC is the section on Electrical Grounding.
This course will address all changes on Grounding & Bonding included in the NEC/CEC
The NEC/CEC recognizes materials other than Copper for uses as a Grounding Conductor in ten different articles of the code. It also addresses corrosion issues in new added Subrule.
There are new Sub rules on Bonding Conductors that bonds fixed equipment. Some other Sub rules have been amalgamated into a new rule. One of the most important changes has been that the new code does not favor “water Pipe” as a grounding electrode. Some other rules have been modified to require alarm indicator installation to indicate a fault on certain systems.
Some other Sections have been changed to be consistent with the rest of the code in particular the Ground Fault Circuit interrupters. Changes have been made to Station Grounding, to meet the maximum permissible Resistance of Station Grounding Electrode. Some of the requirements for driven Ground Rods were deleted, to be consistent with NEC/CEC standards.
One of the most important AND least understood sections of the Canadian Electrical Code is the section on Electrical Grounding and Bonding. This course is founded on the Canadian Electrical Code and is designed to give you the correct information you need to design, install and maintain effective electrical grounding systems in industrial, commercial and institutional power systems. This course will address all changes on Grounding & Bonding included in the NEC/CEC. The NEC/CEC recognizes materials other than Copper for uses as a Grounding Conductor in ten different articles of the code. It also addresses corrosion issues in new added Subrule. There are new Sub rules on Bonding Conductors that bonds fixed equipment. Some other Sub rules have been amalgamated into a new rule. One of the most important changes has been that the new code does not favor 'water pipe' as a grounding electrode. Some other rules have been modified to require alarm indicator installation to indicate a fault on certain systems. Some other Sections have been changed to be consistent with the rest of the code in particular the Ground Fault Circuit interrupters. Changes have been made to Station Grounding, to meet the maximum permissible Resistance of Station Grounding Electrode. Some of the requirements for driven Ground Rods were deleted, to be consistent with NEC/CEC Standard 41.
It has been determined that more than 70 per cent of all electrical problems in industrial, commercial and institutional power systems are due to poor grounding, and bonding errors. Without proper electrical grounding and bonding, sensitive electronic equipment is subjected to destruction of data, erratic equipment operation, and catastrophic damage. This electrical grounding and bonding training course will give participants a comprehensive understanding of practical applications of proper grounding and bonding practices that will comply with the Canadian Electrical Code.
Increase Your Knowledge
After Attending, You Will
Without good grounding and bonding, sensitive electronic equipment is subjected to destruction of data, erratic equipment operation, and catastrophic damage. Allen G.W. Segall (IBM Study) determined that 88.5% of all disturbances are caused by transient overvoltage and, therefore, it is of critical importance to know the "state-of-the-art" protection technologies.
Inductive effects of lighting including transients, wiring errors, and code violations cause damages estimated at about $20 billion dollars in the US and Canada each year, based on the following considerations: risk to personnel, equipment replacement cost, repairs cost, and destroyed data. The economics: Loss of sales, Loss of production, Loss of work in progress. The knowledge acquired in this course will enable the participant to apply correct electrical installation procedures according to the NEC/CEC, effective cabling and state-of-the-art technologies available for the protection of equipment and circuits. A code violation poses hazards to human life and equipment.
INDUSTRIAL, COMMERCIAL GROUNDING SYSTEMS
Session 1: Electrical Grounding Overview
Scope / Introduction
Why Electrical Grounding
Major cause of trouble in an Electrical Distribution System
Faults in the electrical system
Codes/Handbooks & Industry Standards
CEC & NEC Object, Scope and Definitions
IEEE Grounding Standards, Guidelines & Recommendations
Session 2: Grounding Electrode System
Earth Grounding Subsystems
Soil Resistance, Resistance-to-Ground and Soil Resistivity
Grounding Concept Frequency Limitations
Grounding Electrodes- CEC 10-700
Manufactured Grounding Electrodes
In-Situ Grounding Electrodes
Pipe Grounds, metallic water lines & steel piling
Primary & Secondary Facility’s Grounding Systems
Grounding Electrode Connections
Empirical, practical formulas of Grounding Electrodes
Ground Rods, accessories and applications
Other electrodes: conductor encased in concrete, conductive cement
Voltage & Current distribution in the soil
Grounding connections & connectors (mechanical, compression, exothermic)
Grounding Conductor’s material, size
Ground Resistance/Resistivity Testers – 3 &4 pole earth ground measurements
Session 3: System and Circuit Grounding
Electrical Grounding Methods
Grounding of Alternating Current Systems
Single-Phase, 3 wire Solidly Grounded System
3-phase, 4 wire Solidly Grounded System (mid-point grounded)
3-phase, 4 wire, Solidly Grounded System, WYE configuration
3-phase, 4 wire, solidly grounded system with no-neutral load
Grounding connections for equipment in ungrounded systems
Ground faults / Ground faults main consequences
Grounding connections for two or more buildings supply from a single service
Two ground faults on different lines on a 3-phase ungrounded Delta
Simplified Electrical Distribution System Typical of Commercial & Industrial Facilities
Session 4: Resistance Grounding
Resistance Grounding, Low & High Resistance (HRG)
High Resistance Grounding considerations
High Resistance of Medium Voltage Systems
HRG Current Sensing Alarm relays
HRG, Advantages & Disadvantages
HRG Fault Location Tracking
HRG Design considerations. System Charging
Zero Sequence Current Transformer
Zero Sequence Charging Current
CEC 10-1108 Conductors used with Neutral Grounding Devices
Session 5: Grounding of Generator to Supply Emergency Power
Grounding Emergency Supply Systems (Generators & Motors)
Sources of Power Supply
Isolation Transformer Grounding
Emergency Supply Grounding, 3 and 4 Pole ATS Systems
Power from two sources with Neutral Grounded in one location
Multiple Emergency Power Supplies Grounding
UPS Grounding for various configurations
Generators, Generator Disconnects Emergency Loads & other Loads
Grounding a Portable generator
Session 6: Bonding
Objective, Rule 10-002 Bonding & grounding
Bonding Conductor- Bonding Jumpers
Bonding Conductor Sizing- Table 16A & 16 B
Types of Bonding
Means ensuring Continuity at Service Equipment
Interlocking Armor of MC Cable/CSA Tech 90 Cable
Color of Bonding Conductor
Electrical Shock/Severity of an electrical shock
Touch & Step Potential
Grounding/Bonding Myths & Fatal Consequences
Personal Protective Equipment
Ground Fault Circuit interrupter (GFCI)
Bonding indoor metal piping systems
Effective Grounding- Code Requirement
Effective Grounding Fault Current Path- Diagram
Star Point Grounding- Petrochemical Industry
Industrial Automation Wiring, Bonding & Grounding
Grounding & Bonding AC Power Distribution System with Master Control relay
Bonding to Racks/Cabinets in the Telecommunications Industry
Session 7: Renewable- Solar Photovoltaic Systems (PV) and Wind Power System
Renewable Energy Systems
System Grounding- Section 50
Ungrounded Solar PV Systems
Equipment Grounding in DC-Only Systems
Grounding Options, New Bonding Conductor from Inverter
Grounding in a Grid-tied PV System
PV Array/AC Service Equipment/Generator/Inverter/Battery System
Charge Controllers/ DC Subpanels
PV arrangement/PV Inverter & Service Equipment Grounding Electrode System
Renewable Energy Source/ DC Disconnect/Inverter/Utility Disconnect
Session 8: Grounding Computer Rooms/SCADA Systems
Isolated Grounding Subsystem- Rule 10-904
Isolated Bonding Conductors serving a receptacle
Isolated Grounds with & without metallic conduits
Signal Reference High Frequency Subsystems
Signal Reference Grounding Systems for ADP High Frequency Equipment
Design & Installation of a Signal Reference Grid
SRG for Sensitive Electronic Equipment Grounding
Power Supply Installation & Placement for ADP/Computer Room Power Center
Equipment Mesh/Mats for SRG Systems
Session 9: Electro Magnetic Interference (EMI) on Electronic Circuits
Susceptibility of Components & Electronic Circuits
Shielding/by Absorption & Reflection
Considerations for utilizing Shields
Data Processing Systems Protection
Grounding Connections/Twin axial & Coax Cable
Shielding of Shielded Cables
Grounding for Differential Amplifiers
Proper Bonding & Grounding for PLC applications
PLC Enclosure Grounding
Grounding Systems for Programmable Controllers
Grounding for better communications (less noise) with PLC
Formation of Ground Loops/Multiple loops in Instrumentation Grounding
Multiple Circuits Common grounds
Grounding of Shielded standard cable & cables equipped with inner shields
Typical Single Point Ground Network for a Control System
Recommended Process Automation Grounding Scheme (Typical CCR or PIB)
How Not-to-Ground (IACS/DCS/PLC)
Session 10: Lightning Protection
Lightning Data/Isoceraunic Maps
Lightning Protection Subsystem Diagram- Rule 10-706/CAN/CSA-B72
Types of Air Terminals
Cable supports, bolted connectors, compression lugs, Ground Bars, Conductors, Ggrounding electrodes.
Spacing & Interconnecting Grounding Electrodes
Installation & Grounding of Lightning Arresters/Surge protection Devices (SPDs)
Conventional Lightning Protection Systems Hardware
Rule 10-706, NFPA 780, UL 96A. LPI 175, CAN/CSA-B72-M87, CEC 10-702 Requirements
Metallic & Non-Metallic Tank’s lightning protection
Substation Shielding Design Methods
Single Mast or Shield Wire, Two-Masts & principle of the Rolling Sphere
Telecommunications Lightning Protection System
Start: 8:00 a.m.
Coffee break: 10:00 a.m.
Lunch: 12:00 noon
Finish: 4:30 p.m.
The registration fee to attend this training course is $799 + GST/HST.
Register and prepay 14 days before forum date and receive an early bird registration fee of $749 + GST/HST
Register 3 delegates at full price $799, and get a 4th registration FREE!
Successful completion of this course qualifies delegates to receive a certificate of course completion with indicated CEUs.
CEUs are granted by the Engineering Institute of Canada. One CEU is equivalent to 10 professional development hours of instruction.
This course earns 1.4 CEUs.
10251 ST. Edwards Drive
4235 Gateway Blvd NW
310 Circle Dr
1750 Sargent Ave.
3279 Caroga Drive