Electrical Grounding and Bonding For Industrial, Commercial Institutional Power Systems

grounding and bonding training for electrical power systems

This comprehensive Grounding and Bonding training course is founded on the CE Code.

This Grounding and Bonding.Training course is founded on the CECode and is designed to give you the correct information you need to design, install and maintain effective electrical grounding systems in industrial, commercial and institutional power systems.

One of the most important AND least understood sections of the CECode is the section on Electrical Grounding.

This course will address all changes on Grounding & Bonding included in the CECode

The CECode recognizes materials other than Copper for uses as a Grounding Conductor in ten different articles of the code. It also addresses corrosion issues in new added Subrule.

There are new Sub rules on Bonding Conductors that bonds fixed equipment. Some other Sub rules have been amalgamated into a new rule. One of the most important changes has been that the new code does not favor “water Pipe” as a grounding electrode. Some other rules have been modified to require alarm indicator installation to indicate a fault on certain systems.

Some other Sections have been changed to be consistent with the rest of the code in particular the Ground Fault Circuit interrupters. Changes have been made to Station Grounding, to meet the maximum permissible Resistance of Station Grounding Electrode. Some of the requirements for driven Ground Rods were deleted, to be consistent with CECode standards.

One of the most important AND least understood sections of the CECode is the section on Electrical Grounding and Bonding. This course is founded on the CECode and is designed to give you the correct information you need to design, install and maintain effective electrical grounding systems in industrial, commercial and institutional power systems. This course will address all changes on Grounding & Bonding included in the CECode. The CECode recognizes materials other than Copper for uses as a Grounding Conductor in ten different articles of the code. It also addresses corrosion issues in new added Subrule. There are new Sub rules on Bonding Conductors that bonds fixed equipment. Some other Sub rules have been amalgamated into a new rule. One of the most important changes has been that the new code does not favor 'water pipe' as a grounding electrode. Some other rules have been modified to require alarm indicator installation to indicate a fault on certain systems. Some other Sections have been changed to be consistent with the rest of the code in particular the Ground Fault Circuit interrupters. Changes have been made to Station Grounding, to meet the maximum permissible Resistance of Station Grounding Electrode. Some of the requirements for driven Ground Rods were deleted, to be consistent with CECode Standard 41.

It has been determined that more than 70 per cent of all electrical problems in industrial, commercial and institutional power systems are due to poor grounding, and bonding errors. Without proper electrical grounding and bonding, sensitive electronic equipment is subjected to destruction of data, erratic equipment operation, and catastrophic damage. This electrical grounding and bonding training course will give participants a comprehensive understanding of practical applications of proper grounding and bonding practices that will comply with the Canadian Electrical Code.

Increase Your Knowledge

  • Focus on specific electrical grounding and bonding problems and consequences relating to fires, safety of personnel, and damage to equipment
  • Participate in a discussion of electrical grounding and bonding problems and how to overcome or avoid them
  • Gain a firm foundation of knowledge for your next project involving electrical grounding and bonding
  • Develop your knowledge of theory and practice
     

Learn About

  • The requirements of the CECode
  • Specific grounding problems, installations and Canadian Electrical Code requirements
  • Testing procedures for industrial, commercial and institutional electric power grounding systems
  • Practical solutions to grounding problems
     

After Attending, You Will

  • Work more safely and efficiently
  • Have a better understanding of the CECode
  • Make fewer installation mistakes and pass inspections more easily
  • Be more aware of the benefits of good grounding and bonding systems
  • Be better prepared to design your next grounding and bonding system
     

Without good grounding and bonding, sensitive electronic equipment is subjected to destruction of data, erratic equipment operation, and catastrophic damage. Allen G.W. Segall (IBM Study) determined that 88.5% of all disturbances are caused by transient overvoltage and, therefore, it is of critical importance to know the "state-of-the-art" protection technologies.

Inductive effects of lighting including transients, wiring errors, and code violations cause damages estimated at about $20 billion dollars in the US and Canada each year, based on the following considerations: risk to personnel, equipment replacement cost, repairs cost, and destroyed data. The economics: Loss of sales, Loss of production, Loss of work in progress. The knowledge acquired in this course will enable the participant to apply correct electrical installation procedures according to the CECode, effective cabling and state-of-the-art technologies available for the protection of equipment and circuits. A code violation poses hazards to human life and equipment.

 

WHO should attend

  • Utility And Industrial Electrical Engineers And Engineering Technicians
  • Project Engineers
  • Design Engineers
  • Field Technicians
  • Electrical Technicians
  • Electricians
  • Plant Operators
  • Plant Engineers
  • Electrical Supervisors

 

Students receive

  • 100-Page Digital Electrical Grounding Handbook - Value $20 (details below)
  • 1.4 Continuing Education Unit (CEU) Credits
  • FREE Magazine Subscription (Value $25)
  • $100 Coupon toward any future Electricity Forum event (restrictions apply)
  • Course Materials in Paper Format

 

DAY ONE

 

INDUSTRIAL, COMMERCIAL GROUNDING SYSTEMS

Session 1: Electrical Grounding Overview

  • Scope / Introduction
  • Grounding Definitions
  • Why Electrical Grounding
  • Grounding Concepts
  • Major cause of trouble in an Electrical Distribution System
  • Faults in the electrical system
  • Codes/Handbooks & Industry Standards
  • CEC & NEC Object, Scope and Definitions
  • IEEE Grounding Standards, Guidelines & Recommendations
  • Grounding Subsystems


Session 2: Grounding Electrode System

  • Earth Grounding Subsystems
  • Soil Resistance, Resistance-to-Ground and Soil Resistivity
  • Grounding Concept Frequency Limitations
  • Grounding Electrodes- CEC 10-700
  • Manufactured Grounding Electrodes
  • In-Situ Grounding Electrodes
  • Pipe Grounds, metallic water lines & steel piling
  • Primary & Secondary Facility’s Grounding Systems
  • Grounding Electrode Connections
  • Empirical, practical formulas of Grounding Electrodes
  • Ground Rods, accessories and applications
  • Other electrodes: conductor encased in concrete, conductive cement
  • Resistance-to-Ground components
  • Voltage & Current distribution in the soil
  • Grounding connections & connectors (mechanical, compression, exothermic)
  • Grounding Conductor’s material, size
  • Ground Resistance/Resistivity Testers – 3 &4 pole earth ground measurements


Session 3: System and Circuit Grounding

  • Electrical Grounding Methods
  • Grounding of Alternating Current Systems
  • Single-Phase, 3 wire Solidly Grounded System
  • 3-phase, 4 wire Solidly Grounded System (mid-point grounded)
  • 3-phase, 4 wire, Solidly Grounded System, WYE configuration
  • 3-phase, 4 wire, solidly grounded system with no-neutral load
  • Grounding connections for equipment in ungrounded systems
  • Ground faults / Ground faults main consequences
  • Floating Systems
  • Grounding connections for two or more buildings supply from a single service
  • Two ground faults on different lines on a 3-phase ungrounded Delta
  • Simplified Electrical Distribution System Typical of Commercial & Industrial Facilities


Session 4: Resistance Grounding

  • Resistance Grounding, Low & High Resistance (HRG)
  • High Resistance Grounding considerations
  • High Resistance of Medium Voltage Systems
  • HRG Benefits
  • HRG Current Sensing Alarm relays
  • HRG, Advantages & Disadvantages
  • HRG Fault Location Tracking
  • HRG Design considerations. System Charging
  • Zero Sequence Current Transformer
  • Zero Sequence Charging Current
  • CEC 10-1108 Conductors used with Neutral Grounding Devices


Session 5: Grounding of Generator to Supply Emergency Power

  • Grounding Emergency Supply Systems (Generators & Motors)
  • Objectives
  • Sources of Power Supply
  • Isolation Transformer Grounding
  • Emergency Supply Grounding, 3 and 4 Pole ATS Systems
  • Power from two sources with Neutral Grounded in one location
  • Multiple Emergency Power Supplies Grounding
  • UPS Grounding for various configurations
  • Generators, Generator Disconnects Emergency Loads & other Loads
  • Grounding a Portable generator

 

DAY TWO


Session 6: Bonding

  • Objective, Rule 10-002 Bonding & grounding
  • Bonding Conductor- Bonding Jumpers
  • Bonding Conductor Sizing- Table 16A & 16 B
  • Types of Bonding
  • Means ensuring Continuity at Service Equipment
  • Interlocking Armor of MC Cable/CSA Tech 90 Cable
  • Color of Bonding Conductor
  • Electrical Shock/Severity of an electrical shock
  • Touch & Step Potential
  • Grounding/Bonding Myths & Fatal Consequences
  • Personal Protective Equipment
  • Ground Fault Circuit interrupter (GFCI)
  • Bonding indoor metal piping systems
  • Effective Grounding- Code Requirement
  • Effective Grounding Fault Current Path- Diagram
  • Star Point Grounding- Petrochemical Industry
  • Industrial Automation Wiring, Bonding & Grounding
  • Grounding & Bonding AC Power Distribution System with Master Control relay
  • Bonding to Racks/Cabinets in the Telecommunications Industry


Session 7: Renewable- Solar Photovoltaic Systems (PV) and Wind Power System

  • Renewable Energy Systems
  • System Grounding- Section 50
  • Ungrounded Solar PV Systems
  • Equipment Grounding in DC-Only Systems
  • Grounding Options, New Bonding Conductor from Inverter
  • Grounding in a Grid-tied PV System
  • PV Array/AC Service Equipment/Generator/Inverter/Battery System
  • Charge Controllers/ DC Subpanels
  • PV arrangement/PV Inverter & Service Equipment Grounding Electrode System
  • Renewable Energy Source/ DC Disconnect/Inverter/Utility Disconnect


Session 8: Grounding Computer Rooms/SCADA Systems

  • Objectives
  • Isolated Grounding Subsystem- Rule 10-904
  • Isolated Bonding Conductors serving a receptacle
  • Isolated Grounds with & without metallic conduits
  • Signal Reference High Frequency Subsystems
  • Signal Reference Grounding Systems for ADP High Frequency Equipment
  • Design & Installation of a Signal Reference Grid
  • SRG for Sensitive Electronic Equipment Grounding
  • Power Supply Installation & Placement for ADP/Computer Room Power Center
  • Equipment Mesh/Mats for SRG Systems
  • Cable Management


Session 9: Electro Magnetic Interference (EMI) on Electronic Circuits

  • Susceptibility of Components & Electronic Circuits
  • Shielding/by Absorption & Reflection
  • Considerations for utilizing Shields
  • Data Processing Systems Protection
  • Grounding Connections/Twin axial & Coax Cable
  • Shielding of Shielded Cables
  • Grounding for Differential Amplifiers
  • Proper Bonding & Grounding for PLC applications
  • PLC Enclosure Grounding
  • Grounding Systems for Programmable Controllers
  • Grounding for better communications (less noise) with PLC
  • Formation of Ground Loops/Multiple loops in Instrumentation Grounding
  • Multiple Circuits Common grounds
  • Grounding of Shielded standard cable & cables equipped with inner shields
  • Typical Single Point Ground Network for a Control System
  • Recommended Process Automation Grounding Scheme (Typical CCR or PIB)
  • How Not-to-Ground (IACS/DCS/PLC)

 

Session 10: Lightning Protection

  • Lightning Data/Isoceraunic Maps
  • Lightning Protection Subsystem Diagram- Rule 10-706/CAN/CSA-B72
  • Types of Air Terminals
  • Cable supports, bolted connectors, compression lugs, Ground Bars, Conductors, Ggrounding electrodes.
  • Spacing & Interconnecting Grounding Electrodes
  • Installation & Grounding of Lightning Arresters/Surge protection Devices (SPDs)
  • Conventional Lightning Protection Systems Hardware
  • Rule 10-706, NFPA 780, UL 96A. LPI 175, CAN/CSA-B72-M87, CEC 10-702 Requirements
  • Metallic & Non-Metallic Tank’s lightning protection
  • Substation Shielding Design Methods
  • Single Mast or Shield Wire, Two-Masts & principle of the Rolling Sphere
  • Telecommunications Lightning Protection System

 

COURSE SCHEDULE

Both days:

Start: 8:00 a.m.
Coffee break: 10:00 a.m.
Lunch: 12:00 noon
Finish: 4:30 p.m.

 

 

Registration Fees & CEU Credits

The registration fee to attend this training course is $799 + GST/HST.

Register and prepay 14 days before forum date and receive an early bird registration fee of $749 + GST/HST

Register 3 delegates at full price $799, and get a 4th registration FREE!

Earn Continuing Education Unit (CEU) Credits

Successful completion of this course qualifies delegates to receive a certificate of course completion with indicated CEUs.

EIC

CEUs are granted by the Engineering Institute of Canada. One CEU is equivalent to 10 professional development hours of instruction.

This course earns 1.4 CEUs.

Course Locations

November 5-6 , 2019

Sandman Hotel & Suites Winnipeg Airport

1750 Sargent Ave.
Winnipeg, MB
204-775-7263

November 7-8 , 2019

Sandman Airport Hotel Saskatoon

310 Circle Dr
Saskatoon, SK
306-477-4844

November 12-13 , 2019

Hampton Inn and Suites Toronto Airport

3279 Caroga Drive
Mississauga, ON
905-671-4730

November 18-19 , 2019

Sawridge Inn Edmonton South

4235 Gateway Blvd NW
Edmonton, AB
438-1222

November 25-26 , 2019

Sandman Signature Vancouver Hotel & Resort

10251 ST. Edwards Drive
Richmond, BC
604-278-9611

Course Schedule
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On-Site Training Available

We can present this Electrical Grounding and Bonding For Industrial, Commercial Institutional Power Systems Course to your electrical engineering and maintenance staff, on your premises, tailored to your specific equipment and requirements. We are ready to help design this program for you. Click on the link below to request a FREE quotation.

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