With these transformer stations as the centrepiece of the smart grid, it is possible to monitor and control any situation in the power grid from the grid control centre. This helps to maintain a more balanced utilisation of the grid and, with increasing complexity, ensures continued security of supply.
Until now, the current and voltage parameters required for safe grid operation could usually only be determined at the beginning of a power line, where there is usually a substation. Controlling current flow and voltage in the downstream system was physically impossible.
In the future, grids will have to function in both directions: they will bring electricity to the customer while at the same time collecting and transmitting more and more green electricity. This requires physical data to be made available along the entire route. To ensure security of supply, voltage fluctuations must be kept within narrowly defined limits and the current flow must not exceed the specified value. To manage this challenge, it is necessary to install digital technology.
The possibility of remotely controlling grids also reduces downtimes in the event of faults. With the new technology, our grid operators can quickly and easily access the stations of the affected line. The grid control centres can thus limit and eliminate faults on individual line sections within a very short space of time.