Chief executive Steve Snyder questioned comments by Federal Environment Minister Jim Prentice on new greenhouse gas regulations that would phase out traditional coal-fired power plants and require carbon capture and storage for new ones.
Does this impact Alberta? Of course it does. We have the largest percentage of coal-fired generation in Canada, Snyder said after TransAltas annual meeting in Calgary.
This is a very tough challenge to solve CO2 and not bankrupt the province and meet all of our commitments.
Prentice has said he is working toward a cap-and-trade system to reduce Canadas greenhouse gas emissions.
He told a Toronto newspaper the plan would include requirements to phase out old coal plants once they reach the end of their lifespan. New plants would have to include carbon capture and storage technology.
Prentice is expected to meet with industry officials about the regulations, which are expected to be released later this year.
Coal-fired plants are among the biggest producers of Canadian emissions. TransAlta operates the largest fleet of coal-fired electricity plants in the country.
But Snyder said its unclear how Ottawa would meet its own 2020 deadline in greenhouse gas reductions since most operators have been extending the life of plants through reinvestment. As well, simply replacing coal with other fuels, such as natural gas, may thwart attempts to develop technology to cut emissions from coal, which is a plentiful resource.
Power producers such as TransAlta are working on reducing emissions, but Snyder said it will take time for technology to be proven and put in place. He also questioned the federal governments commitment to advancing the technology given that its funding contributions are only a fraction of Albertas $2-billion development fund.
Im not sure why we seem to want to put billions of dollars into the automotive sector to keep an industry going that seems not to have a good product and hasnt been particularly well run, but we dont want to put a fraction of that into technology to solve carbon for coal plants, he said.
Alberta is putting the money in; federally there is very little money going into carbon capture.
Ottawa pumped a total of $140 million into several carbon capture and storage projects in March, including TransAltas plan to retrofit of one of its existing coal-fired plants. Project Pioneer, a joint effort with Alstom Canada, is on Albertas shortlist for funding.
But the project, expected to cost about $500 million, is unlikely to go forward without government support.
Getting CO2 out of our system is going to cost money. There is no way around it, said Snyder.
We need some form of support to get it done.