I would expect some changes I just dont know what those changes are, says Alun Richards, a spokesman for Areva Canada, the nuclear developer whose operations range from mining uranium ore to building reactors and storing spent fuel.
Areva is preparing a feasibility study into Nunavuts first uranium mine, at Baker Lake, even as community consultations this month reveal mounting opposition to the proposal.
In Quebec, the opposition Parti Québécois has suggested shutting down the plant the province was supposed to spend $2-billion refurbishing.
In Ontario, police arrested four Greenpeace activists attempting to delay hearings on the construction of two new nuclear plants at Darlington. Meanwhile, Canadas nuclear regulator has asked all reactor operators to review their safety procedures.
From Baker Lake, Nunavut, to Gentilly, Que.
, concern surrounding Fukushima is raising old fears about nuclear power and threatening to slow down or halt projects altogether.
Images of white-suited inspectors holding Geiger counters up to toddlers and an expanding radius of irradiated Japanese terrain do little to inspire confidence.
I think people are realizing that technology and human control related to nuclear power and radiation are still very limited. Its a stark reminder that exposure can happen, said Sandra Inutiq. The Nunavut lawyer said people have only recently started to voice concerns about the Kiggavik project, which would mine an estimated 44,000 tons of uranium ore near Baker Lake.
Players in Canadas industry say they get the message residents, regulators and governments are less willing than ever to take the safety of power plants and uranium mines at face value.
I would expect perhaps regulators looking harder at older plants and investors looking harder at older plants to see if they should be refurbished or even replaced, Mr. Richards said. The irony is, much of what could reassure the squeamish or skeptical better self-policing and technology, almost failsafe reactors can also make nuclear power prohibitively expensive.
Thats a problem for an industry thats capital-intensive to begin with, said Tom Adams, a Toronto-based energy analyst. Forty-year-old plants like Fukushima Daiichi are popular because theyre cheap, productive and relatively easy to maintain. But as this month proved, theyre also prone to failure.
But if closer scrutiny and a shorter lifespan for aging reactors are inevitable results of Japans nuclear crisis, Mr. Adams said, that makes for a much tougher business case.
They may be able to regain the publics trust, but theyre already in trouble with the customers trust, he said. To have a successful industry, its got to be a package deal. The nuclear renaissance was in trouble before March 11. Now, its over.
George Bothwell, vice-president of external relations for AECL, said its still too early to tell what effect the Fukushima crisis will have.
The sales and construction process in the nuclear business runs into the decades, and frankly six or seven days into this were not even in the position to speculate, he said. Its just too early for us to tell something like that. Were just like everybody else in the world, just watching this unfold.
The governments of Canadas nuclear provinces, for their part, have made clear they arent ruling out nuclear power amid concerns over Japans crisis.
Our responsibility is to ensure that we draw upon all the global expertise and draw what lessons we can from the Japanese experience, Premier Dalton McGuinty told reporters. Were not rushing into this. If we need to take more time, we will do that.
But he had little sympathy for the Greenpeace protesters arrested after chaining themselves to a stage in an attempt to delay hearings on a multibillion-dollar project to build Ontarios first reactors since the 1980s.
And Quebec Premier Jean Charest scoffed at the PQs suggestion to shelve a $2-billion refurbishment of Gentilly-2, accusing PQ Leader Pauline Marois of using Japans misfortune for political opportunism.
If theres one thing I wont do, he said, its make a decision like that based on a headline in a newspaper or one single event.
One person who isnt worried is the man whose tiny Saskatchewan town has volunteered to store nuclear waste below ground indefinitely.
It really hasnt affected our thinking, said Creighton Mayor Bruce Fidler. We think its a great opportunity for economic development.