The National Assessment of Demand Response Potential was authorized by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. The report finds that with full demand-response participation, the U.S.
can level out peak-capacity requirements through 2019, nearly eliminating the need for new power plants.
The peak-shifting behavior is based primarily on the prevalence of central air conditioner controls along with the use of advanced meters and communicating thermostats.
The FERC report shows the potential of how our nation can address many energy goals through the smart use of energy management technologies, said NEMA President and CEO Evan R. Gaddis.
In addition to existing technologies, this report identifies future technological trends that can continue to reduce peak load, including Smart Grid capable appliances, photovoltaic panels, and plug-in electric vehicles. Because these newer technologies have a short track record, their demand-response potential was not quantified. To speed adoption of current and future technologies, regulators can include demand-response technologies in building codes and increase the use of dynamic, as opposed to fixed, electricity rates. The report, however, does quantify the current status and future trends of demand response in each state.
NEMA encourages state regulatory commissions and companies to use the state-by-state program as a guide for achieving the maximum level of cost-effective demand response in each state, said Gaddis.